Drug-Resistant Bacteria Common for Nursing Home Residents with Dementia

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A study found that 1in 5 nursing home residents with advanced dementia had strains of drug- resistant bacteria and more than 10% of the drug-resistant bacteria are resistant to four or more antibiotic classes.
“Nursing home residents with advanced dementia usually have and increased need for healthcare worker assistance, as well as frequent exposure to antibiotics. This combination may be leading to a subset of vulnerable long-term care residents at high risk for both acquiring and spreading these dangerous bugs,” says Erika D’Agata, MD, author of the study. “Frequent hospitalization among these residents also provides a constant influx of drug-resistant bacteria into the hospital setting, further fostering the spread throughout the healthcare delivery system.”
Drug- resistant Escherichia coli (E.coli) and Proteus mirabilis (P. mirabilis) were the most common bacteria found during the study.  90% of the bacteria found were resistant to three types of antibiotics, most notably ciprofloxacin, gentamicin, and extended- spectrum penicillin’s.
“Ongoing efforts to curb the acquisition and spread of this bacteria among nursing homes residents is crucial since this is an issue that goes beyond just one realm of care,”  says D’Agata.

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